TypeScript vs JavaScript
25 May

TypeScript vs JavaScript - A Comparative Guide for 2023

Mahipal Nehra

TypeScript vs JavaScript - A Comparative Guide for 2023. Programming languages are the key components in the software development process. These languages not only help in developing high-end software but also play an important role in deciding the future of your software.

So, when choosing a programming language to develop an application make sure that you choose it based on several aspects of your business requirements like the type of software, complexity, security, flexibility, scalability, performance, and several other factors.

And among all the list of available programming languages, below we have listed a comparative guide on TypeScript vs JavaScript, to help you understand and decide better which language to choose for Software development.

What is TypeScript?

It is an open-source, multi-paradigm, imperative, object-oriented, high-level, and free programming language designed and developed by Microsoft, and is available under Apache License 2.0. It helps in developing complicated and large-scale applications and also helps in developing JavaScript applications for both client-side and server-side execution.

Read: Angular vs React 2023

Furthermore, it is a superset of JavaScript and also facilitates optional typing enabling you to write clear and concise JavaScript code. It also supports static and dynamic typing and has several features like classes, namespaces, unions, interfaces, and many more.

Read: How to Develop A Software from Scratch

Asana, Reddit, Lyft, and Clever are among the most popular companies that use TypeScript in their software.

Pros and Cons of TypeScript

The advantages of TypeScript are -

  • It helps in developing both the front end and back end of applications and software.

  • It supports the additional features of JavaScript like OOP, platform independence, and others.

  • It is compatible with all the JavaScript versions like ES7, ES12, and many others and ensures seamless transitions along with language portability.

  • It enables static typing, which further facilitates faster code completion, early bug detection, debugging, and several other features.

  • TypeScript is easy to maintain as well as also boosts the productivity of the developers.

  • It also supports API documentation, and full-featured IDE, and also supports null checking, generics, and access modifiers.

  • Some of its other added benefits include preciseness, type annotations, type inference, structural typing, high performance, and many more.

  • It is easy to maintain and facilitates better collaboration between the developers alongside providing an efficient coding environment.

On the other hand, the disadvantages of TypeScript are as follows -

  • It does not support abstract classes.

  • It takes a lot of time to code compilation.

  • TypeScript also has a steep learning curve and also has several setting up complexities.

  • It is not the ideal choice for developing small-scale applications.

What is JavaScript?

Also known as JS, it is a high-level, multi-paradigm, functional, event-driven, and object-oriented programming language developed by Netscape. It helps in developing interactive web pages and can also be used with different technologies like XML and REST APIs.

Read: JavaScript Developer Roadmap 2023

According to the insights from Statista, as of 2022. JavaScript is the top-most programming language used by developers worldwide. It is flexible, and dynamic, and supports all browsers alongside being lightweight.

Some of the popular industry giants that use JavaScript are Airbnb, Instagram, and many others.

Pros and Cons of JavaScript

The advantages of JavaScript are -

  • It is easy to learn and understand and is also a powerful programming language.

  • It is platform-independent, which implies that it can run on almost any browser.

  • It is cost-efficient and ensures efficiency and helps in saving a lot of time while performing front-end calculations.

  • It is an interactive language that helps in creating functional elements for static web pages.

  • Its existing libraries and frameworks help in accelerating and streamlining the software development process.

  • It has a large and widespread community of developers from all around the world who help in developing top-notch applications in case you get stuck.

  • In addition, JavaScript is lightweight, simple, and flexible which is a great choice for beginners to start with.

  • It also works well with other languages and has robust frameworks alongwith versatile implementations.

Read: Top 10 Best Javascript Frameworks for 2023

The disadvantages of JavaScript are -

  • It does not support early error detection and its debugging features slow down the development process, since the errors cannot be identified easily.

  • The JavaScript code is vulnerable to cyber attacks as the code is visible and can be accessed by any unauthorized person or third party.

  • It might be challenging to carry out the refactoring process to enhance the quality of the code.

Read: Software Design Process

TypeScript vs JavaScript - A Comparison

As stated earlier, TypeScript is a superset of JavaScript and now that you have a detailed understanding of these programming languages let us provide you with a detailed comparison of TypeScript vs JavaScript.

TypeScript vs JavaScript

Wrapping It Up

Comparing TypeScript vs JavaScript is a complex process and deciding which programming language to choose is even tougher.

To sum up, choosing a programming language for developing an application should depend on several features like your project requirements, budget, and several other essential characteristics.

Read: Top 10 Software Development Trends

That being said, if you are comparing these languages from a career perspective then clearly JavaScript is the winner. And once you are well-versed and fluent in using JavaScript you can move ahead with learning TypeScript.

On the other hand, if you are comparing it from a business perspective then both languages have specific advantages and disadvantages which can help you decide better on which language to choose for software development.

So, if you are interested in learning more about which language to choose, then schedule a free consultation with us and get the best solutions for your business.

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What are the most popular programming languages in 2023?

JavaScript, HTML, Python, Java, TypeScript, PHP, C++, and C# are some of the most popular programming languages in 2023.

What are some of the best JavaScript frameworks to consider using in 2023?

Some of the best JavaScript frameworks that you can use in 2023 are Vue.js, Angular, Svelte, Meteor, Next.js, Express.js, jQuery, Bootstrap, Sails.js, React, Amber, Node.js, and many more.

Is TypeScript better than JavaScript?

Yes, typescript is a modern programming language and is better as compared to JavaScript based on several aspects like features, scalability, collaboration, code maintainability, and many more.

Posted by Mahipal Nehra | Posted at 25 May, 2023 Web