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11 Apr

The process of web application development

Mahipal Nehra

The software development process is divided into 5 steps so that requirements mismatching, work redoing can be eliminated and overall code quality can be improved. Web app (Web applications) development time is less because the overall code can be simultaneously developed by different developers on the backend frontend.

1. Product Management

Market research has to be done before the Web app (Web applications) development or standalone software application development as a product comes under product management. Product managers job responsibility is to find the answers of Why, when and what with respect to Market Competency Strategy, Roadmap, Marketing and Release of products.

A. Market Competency Strategy
  • Through research about demand for a product and features that need to be embedded in the Web apps (Web applications) or standalone software application.

  • Planning Web app (Web applications) development to be market competitive in terms of cost.

  • Making web application or standalone software application better in terms of performance, features, UI UX and cost.

B. Roadmap
  • Planning phases of research, development, marketing strategies with timings to create a balance between investment, earnings and marketing expenditure on Web app (Web applications) and software applications.

  • Predicting and estimating projection of growth in the number of users and revenue over a period of time.

  • How and when to hit the market to make the Web app (Web applications) development based product maximum profitable venture.

2. Business Analysis

The biggest problem in Web apps (Web applications) and software development of a product faces is the mismatching of requirements for development in the eyes of stakeholders, product development and software development team. Due to this mismatching in requirements, the development team has to often redo the work which incurs losses on Web app (Web applications) development company and delays the product delivery for the client. To eliminate this confusion, speed up the development process and improve code quality with rigorous testing procedures of Web apps (Web applications) software development methodologies were implemented.

Read here: Holographic Computing Possibilities with Windows Mixed Reality App Development

Business analysis is the job of IT business analysts they are the ones who bridge the gap between stakeholders, product development, Web app (Web applications) development and software development teams. Business analysts make sure whatever features client is demanding for their Web apps (Web applications) or software are possible to develop and shall be feasible to deliver within time bounds and client’s budget. If the demanded features are not feasible to develop under the pre-mentioned criteria’s then business analysts shall be able to suggest an alternative solution.

3. Research

Technical Research for Web apps (Web applications) development and software development is initiated during the business analysis process but most of the research is done after mapping initial requirements of the project.

Research phase of Web app (Web application) development includes finding suitable front end and back end development frameworks.

Read here: How to Hire a Web Application Developer?

How the project architecture will be designed to eliminate the possibility of critical issues that may occur later in the web development process.

How the data will be handled through APIs in Web apps (Web applications)?

4. Software Architecture Design

Software architecture design of Web apps (Web applications) and other software is initially decided and done by project managers and software architects after understanding project requirements and a thorough discussion with designers as well as developers. Software architecture design is finalized after the designing phase is completed because if a client asks to change something or finalized Web app (Web application) design is not compliant with previously designed software architecture then it is modified by developers on getting approval from a software architect.

5. Development

Development phase for creating Web apps (Web applications) is broken down into three parts to eliminate erroneous procedures and to fasten up the web development process.

A. Designing

In designing phase UI designer, Front end web developer, business analyst and client collectively decide the colour scheme and initial idea of web application’s appearance by taking in to account the functionalities that have to be built by front end web developer. Web designer designs wireframes and mockups which then used by front end web developers and UX designers as a blueprint to create UI of Web apps (Web applications) with HTML, CSS, JavaScript, Bootstrap, material and front end frameworks.

B. Front End Development & UX Development

Front end web development includes UX designing, Analytics animations, session management with Cookies, implementing front end security and user authentication, Front end functionalities creation, API integration, API calls, routing, Web apps’ (Web applications’) responsiveness handling. Front end web developers have dozens of options to create the UX with JavaScript using frameworks. Web apps (Web applications) are mostly developed using MVC based front end web development frameworks. MVC means modelled view controller which makes front end code almost independent of the back end. Front end code is visible to the user in view source option of a web browser.

Read here: Why Web Applications Are Becoming Popular Than Standalone Applications?

Front end Web app (Web application) development tech stack

  • HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)

  • CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)

  • JavaScript

  • Ajax (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML)

  • jQuery (JavaScript Framework Library -- commonly used in Ajax development)

  • Angular (MVC JavaScript Framework Library)

  • React js (MVC JavaScript Framework Library)

  • Vue js (MVC JavaScript Framework Library)

  • D3 js (MVC JavaScript Framework Library)

  • Canvas js (MVC JavaScript Framework Library)

  • MooTools (JavaScript Framework Library -- commonly used in Ajax development)

  • Dojo Toolkit (JavaScript Framework Library - commonly used in Ajax development)

C. Back End Development

Back end web development includes managing services on the back end, database handling, session management, creating security for web applications, API development,

Back end Web apps (Web applications) development tech stack

  • Below are the common Server Side Scripting technologies:

  • PHP (very common Server Side Scripting language - Linux / Unix based Open Source - free redistribution, usually combines with MySQL database)

  • Zend Framework (PHP's Object Oriented Web Application Framework)

  • ASP (Microsoft Web Server (IIS) Scripting language)

  • ASP.NET (Microsoft's Web Application Framework - successor of ASP)

  • ColdFusion (Adobe's Web Application Framework)

  • Ruby on Rails (Ruby programming's Web Application Framework - free redistribution)

  • Perl (general-purpose high-level programming language and Server Side Scripting Language - free redistribution - lost its popularity to PHP)

  • Python (general-purpose high-level programming language and Server Side Scripting language - free redistribution)

6. Testing

Software testing is an inevitable part of Web app (Web applications) development and software development because every software application has some bugs even after it is fully developed. Regressive testing procedures make sure that developed application is bug-free to the maximum extent and it can handle an exceptionally larger number of users. Software testing of web apps can be done from dozens of perspectives but all of them can be categorized into two following categories:

A. Automated Testing

Automated testing is trending in the software industry as it is easy to artificially create worst-case scenarios with automated testing tools where web apps can crash. Unit testing, Integration testing, load testing, performance testing, stress testing, regression testing and a lot more comes under automated testing. Automated testing tools like selenium & cucumber are available in abundance in the market.

B. Manual Testing

All the types of testing done in automated testing can be done manually but it will take the enormous time that’s why automated testing is adopted. Manual testing has not vanished even after the rise of automation testing because alpha testing, beta testing, user acceptance testing and a lot more require human intervention because the passing criteria are human perception. End users should like it, the client should like it and it should be developer friendly in case the client decided to scale up the Web app (Web application).

Posted by Mahipal Nehra | Posted at 11 Apr, 2019 Web